Before we define whole grains, we are going to define ‘Grains and Grain Products’
What are Grains?
Grains are the cultivated seeds of grass that become harvested for food. Grains can come in many different sizes, shapes and forms depending on the variety.
What are Grain Products?
A grain product is any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or another cereal grain. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, breakfast cereals, tortillas, and grits are examples of grain products.
Now let’s get down to business👇
What are Whole Grains?
Whole grains are grains that have all their properties intact – Before and after harvest.
Refined Carbohydrates and Refined Grains are processed and manufactured from whole grains.
A whole grain has to have these 3 properties intact before you call it a whole grain. These three (3) properties are:
- The Bran,
- The Endosperm and
- The Germ
What is the Bran?
A bran is the outermost multi-layered part of a grain. The bran contains some antioxidants, vitamins and fibre. They are beneficial to the human body.
What is the Germ?
The germ is the embryo that has the potential to become a new plant. The germ is inside the grain. You can compare it to a seed of a plant. It contains many vitamins, minerals, oils, proteins and fats.
What is the Endosperm?
The endosperm is the part of the grain that supplies food. Thereby providing energy for growth and photosynthesis of a young plant. The endosperm is also the innermost part of the grain.
The endosperm is by far the largest part the kernel. It contains starchy carbohydrates, proteins and small amounts of vitamins and minerals.