WORLD DIABETES DAY
World diabetes day holds on the 14th of November, every calendar year, with different themes relating to diabetes, to mark the day. The theme for this year’s World Diabetes day is;
Women and Diabetes – Our right to a healthy future
With the key message that;
All women with diabetes require affordable and equitable access to care and education to better manage their diabetes and improve their health outcomes.
Before expanding on the article fully, I would like to ask some questions;
- Are you a woman affected by diabetes?
- Do you know a woman affected by diabetes?
- Have you (diabetic woman) created new habits and adapted to a healthier lifestyle and healthier future?
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-term) condition, in which, there is presence of high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. We have the following types of Diabetes;
TYPE 1 DIABETES
In simple words, this is the presence of high levels of glucose in the blood due to very little or no production of insulin in the body. Insulin is the chemical substance responsible for the removal of glucose from the blood to the cells and organs of the body.
People with Type 1 Diabetes can live healthy and fulfilling lives with the provision of an interrupted supply of insulin and blood glucose testing equipment when combined with a HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
TYPE 2 DIABETES
In simple words, this is the presence of high levels of glucose in the blood due to an inadequate insulin production and inability of the body to respond fully to insulin.
Despite being largely preventable, Type 2 Diabetes accounts for the vast majority of diabetes cases.
This is attributed to women, who have high blood glucose in their blood during their pregnancy.
Women with high glucose in the blood (also known as HYPERGLYCAEMIA) during pregnancy can control their blood glucose level through a healthy diet, moderate exercise, and blood glucose monitoring.
DO YOU KNOW THAT…
425 million are living with diabetes worldwide, in which 1 in 2 remains undiagnosed.
There are about 17.1 million men living with diabetes than women.
16 million people are living with diabetes in Africa (excluding North Africa).
10 million more people living with diabetes than in 2015.
In Africa, two-thirds of people with diabetes remain undiagnosed.
199 million women are living with diabetes and it is projected that by the year 2040, over 313 million women would be living with diabetes
Diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death in women globally, causing 2.1 million deaths each year.
1 in 10 women are living with diabetes.
2 out of every 5 women with diabetes are of reproductive age, accounting for over 60 million women globally.
Women with Type 2 Diabetes are almost 10 times more likely to develop coronary heart disease, than women without this condition.
Women with Type 1 Diabetes face increased risk of early miscarriage or having a baby with deformities.
1 in 6 births is affected by hyperglycemia in pregnancy.
1 in 7 births is affected by gestational diabetes.
Approximately, half of women with a history of gestational diabetes go on to develop Type 2 Diabetes within 5 – 10 years after delivery.
The International Diabetes Federation, says up to 70% of cases with Type 2 Diabetes could be prevented through the ADOPTION of a HEALTHY LIFESTYLE.
DIABETES, HABIT AND LIFESTYLE
Regardless of the type of diabetes a person is living with, modification of habits has to occur to lead a healthy lifestyle and improve the quality of life of the person.
Here are some habit modifications you should undergo;
- Eating meals in small portions over the day
- Not Starving himself/herself intentionally over the day (except for the fast observed when sleeping)
- Never skipping but eating breakfast, lunch and supper, but in small portions.
- Avoid late night meals
- Avoid sweetened and carbonated drinks. Water only preferably
- Eating foods with low sugar and low cholesterol content
- Avoid eating in places where you can’t control the amount of sugar and cholesterol that goes into your food
- Cooking your meals to your health provider’s advice
- Never sleep immediately after eating
- Having adequate sleep
- Carrying out light to medium physical exercises, at least 3 days a week for up to 30 minutes (depending on the lightness of the exercise)
- Presence of a support group to motivate you
- Checking and recording his/her blood glucose level early in the morning before eating and late at night before going to bed
- Adherence to the medications prescribed by your prescriber.
The overall lifestyle a diabetic person should thrive to achieve is a life of;
- Regular and consistent exercise
- Healthy diet
- Daily blood glucose monitoring
Contact your health provider for more assistance and advice on how to achieve a healthy lifestyle.
Idf.org. (2017). International Diabetes Federation – WDD 2017. [online] Available at: https://www.idf.org/our-activities/world-diabetes-day/wdd-2017.html [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].
Worlddiabetesday.org. (2017). International Diabetes Federation – WDD 2017. [online] Available at: http://worlddiabetesday.org/about-wdd/wdd-2017.html [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].
World Health Organization. (2017). World Diabetes Day 2017. [online] Available at: http://www.who.int/diabetes/world-diabetes-day/en/ [Accessed 14 Nov. 2017].
This article is not intended to diagnose, mitigate, treat, manage, or cure Diabetes.